On Inauguration Day, 20 January , the winning candidates are sworn into office as president and vice-president of the United States. The new terms of. This statistic shows the 19th presidential election results of South Korea that took place on the ninth of May Moon Jae-in from the. The two rounds of France's presidential elections will take place on April 23 and May 7, the government announced on Wednesday.
Presidential Election 2017 Dateiverwendung
Die französische Präsidentschaftswahl war die elfte Wahl des Staatspräsidenten der Fünften Französischen Republik. Der erste Wahlgang fand am April statt; die entscheidende Stichwahl zwischen den Siegern des ersten Wahlgangs. On Inauguration Day, 20 January , the winning candidates are sworn into office as president and vice-president of the United States. The new terms of. Kyrgyzstan's presidential election. On 15 October , Kyrgyz voters go to the polls. Despite worrying signs of backsliding into. This statistic shows the 19th presidential election results of South Korea that took place on the ninth of May Moon Jae-in from the. English: Iranian presidential election, by province. Datum, Mai Quelle, Eigenes Werk. Used the data released from the Ministry of Interior. Strategy debates of candidates for French presidential election How are political movements positioned? How do they react to changes in the society and. French Presidential Election Key points, Candidates, Strategies (Fourth Edition) | Pinet, Pierre | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle.
English: Iranian presidential election, by province. Datum, Mai Quelle, Eigenes Werk. Used the data released from the Ministry of Interior. The French Presidential Elections: A Political Reformation? (French Politics, Society and Culture) | Evans, Jocelyn, Ivaldi, Gilles | ISBN: French Presidential Election Key points, Candidates, Strategies (Fourth Edition) | Pinet, Pierre | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle.
Presidential Election 2017 Menu de navigation VideoUS election 2016: How voters reacted to the incredible result
Several U. A formal Special Counsel investigation headed by former FBI director Robert Mueller was initiated in May to uncover the detailed interference operations by Russia, and to determine whether any people associated with the Trump campaign were complicit in the Russian efforts.
On March 24, , Barr submitted a letter describing Mueller's conclusions,   and on April 18, , a redacted version of the Mueller Report was released to the public.
It concluded that Russian interference in the presidential election did occur "in sweeping and systematic fashion" and "violated U.
The first method detailed in the final report was the usage of the Internet Research Agency, waging "a social media campaign that favored presidential candidate Donald J.
Trump and disparaged presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. The Mueller Report writes that the investigation "identified numerous links between the Russian government and the Trump campaign", found that Russia "perceived it would benefit from a Trump presidency" and that the Trump presidential campaign "expected it would benefit electorally" from Russian hacking efforts.
Ultimately, "the investigation did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities.
However, investigators had an incomplete picture of what had really occurred during the campaign, due to some associates of Trump campaign providing either false, incomplete or declined testimony, as well as having deleted, unsaved or encrypted communications.
As such, the Mueller Report "cannot rule out the possibility" that information then unavailable to investigators would have presented different findings.
In December , a Ukrainian court ruled that prosecutors in Ukraine had meddled in the election by releasing damaging information on Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort.
Voice of America reported in April that "U. The Commission on Presidential Debates CPD , a non-profit organization, hosted debates between qualifying presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
According to the commission's website, to be eligible to opt to participate in the anticipated debates, "in addition to being Constitutionally eligible, candidates must appear on a sufficient number of state ballots to have a mathematical chance of winning a majority vote in the Electoral College, and have a level of support of at least 15 percent of the national electorate as determined by five selected national public opinion polling organizations, using the average of those organizations' most recently publicly-reported results at the time of the determination.
Louis , University of Nevada, Las Vegas chosen to host the presidential debates, and the one location Longwood University selected to host the vice presidential debate, were announced on September 23, The site of the first debate was originally designated as Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio ; however, due to rising costs and security concerns, the debate was moved to Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.
On August 19, Kellyanne Conway , Trump's campaign manager confirmed that Trump would participate in a series of three debates.
The news media and election experts were surprised at Trump's winning the Electoral College. For example, on the eve of the vote, spread betting firm Spreadex had Clinton at an Electoral College spread of against Trump's Even Wisconsin , Pennsylvania , and Michigan , states that had been predicted to vote Democratic, were won by Trump.
Math, calculations, candidate dislike causing voter abstention begat the numbers. Obama's political director David Simas called Clinton campaign manager Robby Mook to persuade Clinton to concede the election, with no success.
Obama then called Clinton directly, citing the importance of continuity of government, to ask her to publicly acknowledge that Trump had won. After networks called Pennsylvania for Donald Trump, putting him with electoral votes while he had a five-point lead in Arizona, which gives eleven electoral votes that would put Trump above the majority of , Clinton realized she had no chance to win the election and called Trump early Wednesday morning to concede defeat.
Trump gave his victory speech. Later that day, Clinton asked her supporters to accept the result and hoped that Trump would be "a successful president for all Americans.
Six states plus a portion of Maine that Obama won in switched to Trump Electoral College votes in parentheses : Florida 29 , Pennsylvania 20 , Ohio 18 , Michigan 16 , Wisconsin 10 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second congressional district 1.
Initially, Trump won exactly more Electoral College votes than Mitt Romney had in , with two lost to faithless electors in the final tally.
Thirty-nine states swung more Republican compared to the previous presidential election, while eleven states and the District of Columbia swung more Democratic.
Examining overall turnout in the election , University of Florida Prof. Michael McDonald estimated that Considering a VAP of A FEC report of the election recorded an official total of Data scientist Hamdan Azhar noted the paradoxes of the outcome, saying that "chief among them [was] the discrepancy between the popular vote, which Hillary Clinton won by 2.
Hamdan also said Trump was "the highest vote earner of any Republican candidate ever," exceeding George W.
Bush 's He concluded, with help from The Cook Political Report , that the election hinged not on Clinton's large 2. The table below displays the official vote tallies by each state's Electoral College voting method.
The source for the results of all states is the official Federal Election Commission report. A total of 29 third party and independent presidential candidates appeared on the ballot in at least one state.
Independent candidate Evan McMullin , who appeared on the ballot in 11 states, received over , votes 0. He won Wisconsin went Republican for the first time since , while Pennsylvania and Michigan went Republican for the first time since Stein petitioned for a recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.
The Clinton campaign pledged to participate in the Green Party recount efforts, while Trump backers challenged them in court. Note: Two states Maine [a] and Nebraska allow for their electoral votes to be split between candidates by congressional districts.
The winner within each congressional district gets one electoral vote for the district. The winner of the statewide vote gets two additional electoral votes.
Results are from The New York Times. Most media outlets announced the beginning of the presidential race about twenty months prior to Election Day.
Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.
After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.
Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.
Trump's courting of the Polish-American vote , a sizable number of whom were Reagan Democrats , has been cited as the cause for the loss of the Rust Belt by the Democratic nominee.
Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.
A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states. Trump's primary campaign was propelled by victories in Democratic states, and his supporters often did not identify as Republican.
Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina. These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state.
As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.
Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Hillary Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.
States won by Obama in the , such as Ohio 18 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second district 1 , were also won by Trump.
The close result in Maine was not expected by most commentators, nor were Trump's victory of over 10 points in the second district and their disparities.
Red denotes states or congressional districts won by Republican Donald Trump; blue denotes those won by Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Results by vote distribution among states. The size of each state's pie chart is proportional to its number of electoral votes. Results by county.
Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton. A discontinuous cartogram of the United States presidential election.
A continuous cartogram of the United States presidential election. A discretized cartogram of the United States presidential election using squares.
A discretized cartogram of the United States presidential election using hexagons. Results of election by congressional district, shaded by winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.
The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters. Trump narrowed Clinton's margin compared to Obama by seven points among blacks and African-Americans , eight points among Latinos , and 11 points among Asian-Americans.
Over 28 million people watched the election on cable television , with While more highly-viewed than EST .
Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.
However, FiveThirtyEight's model pointed to the possibility of an Electoral College-popular vote split widening in the final weeks based on Trump's improvement in swing states like Florida or Pennsylvania.
This was due to the demographics targeted by Trump's campaign which lived in big numbers there, in addition to Clinton's poor performance in several of those swing states in comparison with Obama's performance in , as well as having a big number of her potential voters in very populated traditionally 'blue' states, but also in some very populated states traditionally 'red', like Texas, which were projected safe for Trump.
Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. Three states Pennsylvania , Wisconsin and Michigan which were considered to be part of Clinton's firewall , were won by Trump.
This result stands in contrast to that of , when President Barack Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.
Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election. I don't believe them anymore.
The lone exception was Maine's 2nd congressional district. Trump's victory, considered unlikely by most forecasts,      was characterized as an "upset" and as "shocking" by the media.
Following the announcement of Trump's election, large protests broke out across the United States with some continuing for several days.
Protesters have held up a number of different signs and chanted various shouts including "Not my president" and "We don't accept the president-elect.
High school and college students walked out of classes to protest. Rioters also broke glass at certain locations. After the election, computer scientists, including J.
Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.
Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.
On November 23, Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein launched a public fundraiser to pay for recounts in Wisconsin , Michigan , and Pennsylvania , asserting that the election's outcome had been affected by hacking in those states; Stein did not provide evidence for her claims.
Stein filed for a recount in Wisconsin on November 25,  after which Clinton campaign general counsel Marc Elias said their campaign would join Stein's recount efforts in that state and possibly others "in order to ensure the process proceeds in a manner that is fair to all sides.
President-elect Donald Trump issued a statement denouncing Stein's Wisconsin recount request saying, "The people have spoken and the election is over.
District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: "Plaintiffs have not presented evidence of tampering or mistake.
Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery—but not actual injury. District Judge Paul Diamond rejected an appeal by the Green Party and Jill Stein to force a recount in Pennsylvania, stating that suspicion of a hacked Pennsylvania election "borders on the irrational" and that granting the Green Party's recount bid could "ensure that no Pennsylvania vote counts" given the December 13, , federal deadline to certify the vote for the Electoral College.
The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies.
A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted.
Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats  and grass-roots campaigns were directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College  to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.
Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.
On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing   in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.
On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates : two against Trump and five against Clinton.
A further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again. The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.
Likewise, for the first time since , [c] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.
Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for president and Warren received two for vice president.
Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for president. LaDuke is the first Green Party member to receive an electoral vote, and Paul is the third member of the Libertarian Party to do so, following the party's presidential and vice-presidential nominees each getting one vote in It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.
The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from United States presidential election, For related races, see United States elections.
Presidential election results map. Numbers indicate electoral votes cast by each state and the District of Columbia.
Trump received and Clinton , as 7 faithless electors , 2 pledged to Trump and 5 to Clinton, voted for other candidates. Further information: United States presidential election.
Main article: Republican Party presidential primaries. This article is part of a series about. President of the United States.
Presidential campaigns. Interactions involving Russia. Business and personal. Main article: Republican Party presidential candidates.
Main article: Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection. Main article: Democratic Party presidential primaries. Main article: Democratic Party presidential candidates.
Main article: Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection. Main article: Evan McMullin presidential campaign. Main article: Third-party and independent candidates for the United States presidential election.
Democratic Party. Republican Party. Libertarian Party. Green Party. Constitution Party. Main article: Republican National Convention. Main article: Democratic National Convention.
Main article: Libertarian National Convention. Main article: Green National Convention. Main article: Constitution Party National Convention.
See also: Lobbying in the United States. Main article: Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election. See also: Foreign electoral intervention.
Main articles: Democratic Party presidential debates and forums , Republican Party presidential debates and forums , Libertarian Party presidential debates and forums , and Green Party presidential debates and forums.
Main article: United States presidential debates. Hofstra University Hempstead, NY. Longwood University Farmville, VA. Washington University St. Louis, MO.
University of Nevada Las Vegas. They lost respectively two and five votes to faithless electors. Vice presidential candidates Pence and Kaine lost one and five votes, respectively.
Three other votes by electors were invalidated and recast. The exact numbers of write-in votes have been published for three states: California, Vermont, and New Hampshire.
Chris Suprun said he cast his presidential vote for John Kasich and his vice presidential vote for Carly Fiorina.
The other faithless elector in Texas, Bill Greene, cast his presidential vote for Ron Paul but cast his vice presidential vote for Mike Pence, as pledged.
Popular vote   Clinton. Electoral vote—President Trump. Electoral vote—Vice President Pence. State or district. Results by state, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Johnson.
Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Jill Stein. Margin of error between Clinton and Trump. No data. Further information: Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election and Statewide opinion polling for the United States presidential election.
See also: International reactions to the United States presidential election. Play media. Main article: United States presidential election recounts.
They must be a French citizen of at least 18 years old. It is also necessary for candidates to be on an electoral roll , proving their eligibility to vote.
To be listed on the first-round ballot, candidates must secure signatures  often referred to as parrainages from national or local elected officials from at least 30 different departments or overseas collectivities , with no more than a tenth of these signatories from any single department.
Unlike in previous years, a list of validated signatures was posted on Tuesday and Thursday of every week on the Council's website; in the past, signatories were published only after the official candidate list had been verified after the end of the collection period.
The end of the signature collection period also marked the deadline for the declaration of personal assets required of prospective candidates.
The final list of candidates was declared on 21 March. Campaigning for the first round of the election ended at midnight on 21 April, two days before the vote.
The Constitutional Council verified the results of the first round between the 24—26 April and officially certified the vote tallies on 26 April, with the same procedure being used for the second round.
The new President of the French Republic was set to be proclaimed on 11 May and undergo their investiture ceremony on 14 May at the latest.
On 18 March , the Constitutional Council published the names of the 11 candidates who received valid sponsorships, with the order of the list determined by drawing lots.
A candidate must secure signatures from elected officials in order to appear on the first-round ballot,  with the signature collection period ending on 17 March.
The presidential election was the first in the history of the Fifth Republic in which a sitting president did not seek a second term.
After an extended period of suspense, he finally announced on 22 February that he would not run for a fourth time, instead proposing a conditional alliance with Emmanuel Macron , who accepted his offer.
Those wishing to be nominated required the support of 36 of its "federal councilors" out of ; nominations were open to individuals in civic society as well.
The vote was open to both party members as well as sympathizers who could register to vote in the primary. The announcement came just days after prominent environmentalist Nicolas Hulot 's surprise declaration that he would not offer himself as a presidential candidate on 5 July.
Duflot was considered the early favorite, though she initially opposed holding a primary, aware of the risk that she might lose it; and highlighted her experience in government.
Her main proposal was to incorporate the fight against climate change into the Constitution. Jadot was perceived as her main challenger; elected as an MEP in , he worked with Greenpeace France from to , specializing in transatlantic trade and climate issues.
With Thomas Piketty and Daniel Cohn-Bendit , he sought a "primary of all the left", which failed to materialize.
He rejected the "candidacy awaited by the political-media world" — that of Duflot, among others — and represented an anti-Duflot force from the party's right wing.
Rivasi only barely managed to qualify for the primary, earlier lacking the necessary sponsorships. Delli, the daughter of Algerian immigrants, first became involved in politics as part of collective movements, and sought to become an MEP in after a stint as parliamentary assistant to Marie-Christine Blandin.
Also of the party's left-wing, she declared that she would defend a "popular ecology". Jadot and Rivasi advanced to the runoff after scoring Jadot won the second round of the primary on 7 November, obtaining After his loss as the nominee of the Union for a Popular Movement UMP in the presidential election , ex-president Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to return to being a "Frenchman among the French".
However, he announced on 19 September that he would seek the presidency of the party,  a position he secured in an online vote on 29 November online vote with the backing of He proposed to end family reunifications and reform the right to birthright citizenship , halt the flow of economic migrants, and increase residence requirements to secure French nationality.
He reaffirmed his interest in the "assimilation" of immigrants, and intended to ban other menus for school canteens i. Sarkozy also suggested that radical imams be expelled and suspected terrorists be detained by authorities and tried by a special anti-terrorist court, in addition a reduction in the age of criminal responsibility from 18 to He proposed to postpone the increase the retirement age to 64 until , permit exemptions to the hour workweek , cut , civil service jobs by increasing working hours to 37 per week, and abolish the wealth tax ISF.
He questioned Sarkozy's proposals on Schengen and instead merely acknowledged that it was not functioning correctly, but concurred with him in exempting the acquisition of French nationality by foreigners at the age of 18 if previously convicted.
On economic issues, he proposed to end the hour workweek, abolish the wealth tax, reduce corporate taxation, and set the retirement age at Like the other primary candidates, he planned to eliminate the wealth tax; in addition, Fillon suggested abolishing the hour workweek — capping it at the hour maximum allowed within the EU — and the implementation of other liberal economic measures.
He also adopted a staunchly conservative social program, opposing adoption by same-sex couples and arguing France had no religious problem apart from Islam itself.
Like Sarkozy, he sought to expand the capacity of French prisons, but unlike his former superior, he opposed banning religious symbols in public places.
He also professed a more pro-Russian stance than other candidates, urging cooperation in Syria against the Islamic State and supporting the "pragmatism" of Vladimir Putin 's intervention in the Syrian civil war.
The first round of the primary on 20 November saw the unexpected elimination of Sarkozy, with Fillon coming in first with At the Toulouse Congress , the Socialist Party PS modified its statutes to guarantee the selection of a candidate of the left through open primaries, with the National Council of the Socialist Party announcing the timetable and organization of the primaries at least one year beforehand.
Applications could be submitted from 1 to 15 December, with two rounds of voting planned for 22 and 29 January A president should not say that Former Minister of the Economy Arnaud Montebourg, a Socialist rebel known for promoting "made in France", presented a firmly left-wing project shortly after declaring his candidacy in August He promised to offer French enterprises preference in bidding, reverse the tax increases on the French middle class,  and repeal most of the El Khomri labor law while preserving certain "interesting" social protections such as the "right to disconnect" and "personal activity account".
Like fellow Socialist dissidents, Hamon criticized the El Khomri labor law and promised to repeal it if elected, and suggested that it be replaced with legislation acknowledging the need for greater social protections, including the right to disconnect and recognizing burnout as an occupational disease.
Another of his flagship proposals was to legalize cannabis, using funds for "prevention" rather than "repression". In the first round of the primary on 22 January, Hamon and Valls received Montebourg, who secured only Overall turnout stood at 1.
Only on 23 January did the High Authority of the primary publish "validated" results. As the winner of the primary, Hamon became the Socialist nominee for president.
While acknowledging that Hamon was the legitimate PS nominee, de Rugy said he preferred "coherence to obedience". While deputies in the National Assembly can employ family members, those are still required to complete legitimate work, evidence of which the paper was unable to find.
In the interview, he disclosed that he also paid two of his children while a Senator for the Sarthe between and , claiming that he employed them in their capacity as lawyers.
He also pledged to resign if he would be personally placed under investigation. On 6 February, Fillon held a press conference at which he "apologized to the French people" and acknowledged that he had committed an "error" in employing family members as parliamentary assistants, but appended that he "never broke the law".
He also argued that his wife's "salary was perfectly justified", adding that everything reported by the press on the issue was "legal and transparent".
He said he would not reimburse the payments received by his wife or children, and, saying that he had "nothing to hide", divulged his property holdings.
In addition to promising that his lawyers would question the competency of the PNF to carry out the investigation, he lambasted a "media lynching" of his campaign.
The satirical weekly also asserted that she received a double salary during the summer of , as she was hired by Joulaud's office on 13 July, more than a month before her contract as a parliamentary assistant with her husband expired, on 21 August.
Although aides are eligible to collect severance payments, the law does not permit such a high level for parliamentary assistants. An article in the same issue reported that Marie Fillon was simultaneously employed as a parliamentary assistant while training to become a lawyer, taking the first post in October and entering the EFB in January On 16 February, Fillon seemingly withdrew his earlier promise that he would terminate his candidacy if placed under formal investigation, saying "even if I am put under investigation, nothing will stop me" in private.
The OCLCIFF, which failed to unearth any tangible proof of work by Fillon's wife as a parliamentary assistant to her husband from to , to , and to or to Marc Joulaud from to , and was unconvinced by the two reviews in the Revue des deux Mondes attributed to Penelope Fillon, tasked three investigative judges to continue pursuing the affair.
On 1 March, Fillon was informed that he was summoned to appear before the judges and likely to be placed under formal investigation — generally a precursor to an eventual indictment — on 15 March.
On the morning of 14 March, Fillon was placed under formal investigation for misuse of public funds, embezzlement, and failure to comply with HATVP disclosure requirements.
In particular, the probe sought to determine whether documents seized during a search of the National Assembly in March were forged in order to corroborate the veracity of Penelope Fillon's work as a parliamentary assistant.
The various investigations of the fictitious employment of 29 parliamentary assistants to 23 National Front FN MEPs , implicating the entourage of Marine Le Pen ,  continued through A report published on 25 April by the Japan-based security firm Trend Micro alleged that a group of hackers was targeting the Macron campaign.
In particular, the group attempted a phishing operation, registering four domains strongly resembling those actually used by En Marche!
In an interview with Associated Press the head of the French government's cyber security agency, which investigated leaks from President Emmanuel Macron's election campaign, said that they didn't find any trace of a notorious Russian hacking group behind the attack.
The official campaign began on 10 April and ended at midnight on 21 April. Voting in the first round took place on Saturday 22 April from to local time in the French overseas departments and territories situated east of the International Date Line and west of metropolitan France i.
The official election results were declared by the Constitutional Council on 26 April, with Macron and Le Pen advancing to the second round.
It is the first time that a debate prior to the first round was held. Nicolas Dupont-Aignan , who was not invited, denounced the debate as a "rape of democracy",  and the CSA urged TF1 to guarantee fair speaking time for other candidates.
The five candidates were given two minutes to answer each question, but opponents had the opportunity to interject 90 seconds in.
Three themes were addressed: employment, the French social model, and the protection of the French. The final part of the debate concerned the exercise of power and moralization of public officials.
Each of the 11 candidates invited had a minute and a half to answer each question, and other candidates were permitted to challenge their answers.
This was the first ever debate including all first-round candidates;  A total of 6. On the evening of the first round, Macron and members of his entourage celebrated the result at La Rotonde , a brasserie in the 6th arrondissement of Paris ; the move was criticized as premature and complacent, viewed as reminiscent of Nicolas Sarkozy 's widely criticized post-election celebration at Fouquet's in The official campaign ended at midnight on 5 May.
The campaign team subsequently issued a statement claiming that they had been compromised, and alleged that the leak contained both real as well and some fabricated documents.
Numerama, an online publication focusing on digital life, described the leaked material as "utterly mundane", consisting of "the contents of a hard drive and several emails of co-workers and En Marche political officials.
Voting in the second round took place on Saturday 6 May from to local time in the French overseas departments and territories situated east of the International Date Line and west of metropolitan France i.
Though TF1 initially had plans to hold its own debate between the first and second round, it instead jointly hosted one with France 2.
The debate was considered to have significantly damaged the image of Le Pen and the FN before the second round of the election, with Le Pen criticized for being overly aggressive, arrogant, and amateur in the topics at hand, and was also attributed as a cause of the poor performance of the FN in the subsequent legislative elections.
First-place candidate in the arrondissements of Paris. The official transfer of power took place on 14 May,  after which Macron nominated his prime minister and government.
Following the second round of the presidential election on 7 May, Macron announced he would be stepping down as president of En Marche!
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from French presidential election, Other offices. President, then co-president of the Left Party from to Senator for Essonne from to and from to Deputy Minister of Vocational Education from to Main article: The Republicans France presidential primary, Nicolas Sarkozy.
Main article: French Socialist Party presidential primary, Manuel Valls. Arnaud Montebourg. Sylvia Pinel. Main article: Fillon affair.
See also: French presidential debates. Main article: Opinion polling for the French presidential election, Emmanuel Macron.
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