Many translated example sentences containing "Gaelic" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. hanson.nu | Übersetzungen für 'Gaelic' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen.  Wikipedia-Artikel „Gälisch“:  Okzitanischer Wikipedia-Artikel „gaelic“:  Claudi Balaguer, Patrici Pojada: Diccionari Català - Occità / Occitan - Catalan.
Gealic VideoScottish Weather Forecast (in Scots Gaelic)
Gaelic has its own version of European-wide names which also have English forms, for example: Not all traditional Gaelic names have direct equivalents in English: Oighrig , which is normally rendered as Euphemia Effie or Henrietta Etta formerly also as Henny or even as Harriet , or, Diorbhal , which is "matched" with Dorothy , simply on the basis of a certain similarity in spelling.
Many of these traditional Gaelic-only names are now regarded as old-fashioned, and hence are rarely or never used.
Some Scottish names are Anglicized forms of Gaelic names: Several colours give rise to common Scottish surnames: Although some vowels are strongly nasal, instances of distinctive nasality are rare.
There are about nine diphthongs and a few triphthongs. Most consonants have both palatal and non-palatal counterparts, including a very rich system of liquids , nasals and trills i.
In medial and final position, the aspirated stops are preaspirated rather than aspirated. Scottish Gaelic is an Indo-European language with an inflecting morphology , verb—subject—object word order and two grammatical genders.
They are also normally classed as either masculine or feminine. A small number of words that used to belong to the neuter class show some degree of gender confusion.
For example, in some dialects am muir "the sea" behaves as a masculine noun in the nominative case, but as a feminine noun in the genitive na mara.
Nouns are marked for case in a number of ways, most commonly involving various combinations of lenition , palatalisation and suffixation.
There are 12 irregular verbs. Word order is strictly verb—subject—object, including questions, negative questions and negatives.
Only a restricted set of preverb particles may occur before the verb. The majority of the vocabulary of Scottish Gaelic is native Celtic. There are also many Brythonic influences on Scottish Gaelic.
Scottish Gaelic contains a number of apparently P-Celtic loanwords, but it is not always possible to disentangle P and Q Celtic words.
Some speakers use an English word even if there is a Gaelic equivalent, applying the rules of Gaelic grammar.
With verbs, for instance, they will simply add the verbal suffix -eadh , or, in Lewis , -igeadh , as in, " Tha mi a' watch eadh Lewis, "watch igeadh " an telly" I am watching the television , instead of " Tha mi a' coimhead air an telebhisean ".
This phenomenon was described over years ago, by the minister who compiled the account covering the parish of Stornoway in the New Statistical Account of Scotland , and examples can be found dating to the eighteenth century.
Irish has also influenced Lowland Scots and English in Scotland, but it is not always easy to distinguish its influence from that of Scottish Gaelic.
The modern Scottish Gaelic alphabet has 18 letters:. The letter h , now mostly used to indicate lenition historically sometimes inaccurately called aspiration of a consonant , was in general not used in the oldest orthography , as lenition was instead indicated with a dot over the lenited consonant.
The letters of the alphabet were traditionally named after trees, but this custom has fallen out of use. Certain 18th century sources used only an acute accent along the lines of Irish, such as in the writings of Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair —51 and the earliest editions —90 of Duncan Ban MacIntyre.
The New Testament set the standard for Scottish Gaelic. The Scottish Examination Board recommendations for Scottish Gaelic, the Gaelic Orthographic Conventions, were adopted by most publishers and agencies, although they remain controversial among some academics, most notably Ronald Black.
The quality of consonants palatalised or non-palatalised is indicated in writing by the vowels surrounding them.
So-called "slender" consonants are palatalised while "broad" consonants are neutral or velarised. The vowels e and i are classified as slender, and a , o , and u as broad.
The spelling rule known as caol ri caol agus leathann ri leathann "slender to slender and broad to broad" requires that a word-medial consonant or consonant group followed by a written i or e be also preceded by an i or e ; and similarly if followed by a , o or u be also preceded by an a , o , or u.
This rule sometimes leads to the insertion of an orthographic vowel that does not influence the pronunciation of the vowel.
Unstressed vowels omitted in speech can be omitted in informal writing. Gaelic orthographic rules are mostly regular; however, English sound-to-letter correspondences cannot be applied to written Gaelic.
Scots English orthographic rules have also been used at various times in Gaelic writing. Notable examples of Gaelic verse composed in this manner are the Book of the Dean of Lismore and the Fernaig manuscript.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the Germanic language that diverged from Middle English, see Scots language. For the Gaelic language family, see Goidelic languages.
For the Gaelic language spoken in Ireland, see Irish language. History of Scottish Gaelic. Norse-Gaelic zone, use of either or both languages.
Cumbric may have survived in this zone. Old Irish and Classical Gaelic. Linguistic divide in the middle ages.
This section needs expansion with: You can help by adding to it. Gaelic broadcasting in Scotland. Gaelic medium education in Scotland.
Gaelic-speaking congregations in the Church of Scotland. Differences between Scottish Gaelic and Irish. Alphabet Dependent and independent verb forms.
Orthography Ogham Gaelic type Literature Dictionaries. Scotland portal linguistics portal. Official Languages Act Republic of Ireland.
Viewed 30 May Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 17 April Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 5 August The Edinburgh history of the Scots language.
Archived 10 November at the Wayback Machine. The Makers of Scotland: Picts, Romans, Gaels, and Vikings. Bannerman, "Scottish Takeover", passim, representing the "traditional" view.
Gaelic in Scotland, — John Donald Publishers Ltd. Language in Geographic Context. The Last of the Celts.
Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 13 August The Making of the Crofting Community.
How the Scottish Gaels got the Scriptures in their own Tongue". Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness. Gaelic in Nova Scotia: Province of Nova Scotia.
Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Retrieved 5 January Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 25 October See more words from the same year.
See words that rhyme with Gaelic. Translation of Gaelic for Spanish Speakers. What made you want to look up Gaelic? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible.
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Ach, Mona bhfuil tu o Eire nil aon phionte an ag foghlaim e mar ni bheith se in unsaid agat!!!! Could you provide a translation into English so more visitors and ourselves could read it?
Still Relevant in Society Today? In my opinion, Irish is a difficult language, but I love it. If you are not from Ireland, there is no point in learning it because you will not use it.
There is a couple mistakes in the Irish: Mona should be Muna 3. A no of fadas have been left out. I love Irish language, since I was a little boy I wanted to learn the language.
All in all, the more I learn and look for avenues to learn Irish, the more I find. And what is most wonderful is the emerging international community of speakers who are lovely people.
It turning out to be an amazing journey! Go raibh maith agat thank you! The native name of Irish is Gaeilge. I would love to learn Irish.
I was told my great great grandparents on both sides spoke Irish. Each generation became more Canadian and lost the ability to speak Irish.
How difficult is it to learn Irish-Gaelic? There is no data on the difficulty of Irish Gaelic for speakers of English since the language is rarely taught in settings where standardized testing is used and records are kept.
We need a better alphabet. Irene Thompson December 5, Very true. The writing system is not a very accurate representation of the spoken language.
Irene Thompson February 17, Do you mean you want to learn to speak the language? Irene Thompson June 11, Thank you for the corrections.
We will make the appropriate changes. Charlie September 29, I mo thuraim is teanga deacair go leor e an nGaeilge, ach is brea liom e!!!!!!!!
Irene Thompson October 2, Could you provide a translation into English so more visitors and ourselves could read it?
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